Approximately 140,000 immigrant visas are available each year for aliens who seek to immigrate to the U.S. based on their job skills.
You can be one of them!
Getting a green card can be challenging. However, there are certain paths that a person can take in order to achieve legal permanent residency status. One of the more popular options is through an employment-based visa — particularly the EB-1 and EB-2 National Interest Waiver visas.
The EB-1 vs EB-2 question is a popular topic of discussion for prospective immigrants and each category has its own particular advantages and disadvantages.
Learn more about each category’s benefits, requirements, and processing time.
Green Card for Scholars, PhD and Professionals
Do you know that not all employment-based green card petitions require a job offer or employer’s sponsorship? Although most of the employment-based green card categories require a U.S. employer sponsorship and petition on behalf of the foreign worker, there are two self-sponsorship employment green card categories that allow you to petition for yourself without an employer or offer of employment.
Employment-Based Immigrant Petitions at USCIS
Every year, more than one million foreign nationals apply for a U.S. Green Card. In the fiscal year, 2017 (dated April 20, 2018) 395,025 employment-based actual principal immigrant petitions were approved. Included with these petitions 826,867 estimated derivative immigrant green cards were issued, of which ~59% were EB-2 (including NIW), and ~15% were EB-1.
All applicants require strong evidence of special or extraordinary ability. However, recent actions by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service – as well as the application backlog – make approvals even more challenging.
Source: USCIS, “Form I-140, Immigration Petition for Alien Worker, Form I-360, Petition for Amerasian, Widow(er), or Special Immigrant – Employment-Based Form I-526, Immigrant Petition by Alien Entrepreneur, Count of Approved Petitions as of April 20, 2018, with Priority Date on or After May 2018 Department of State Visa Bulletin.” Estimated derivative immigrants and total estimated immigrants were computed by CRS using the derivative immigrant multiplier found in the USCIS report cited above.